Samter’s Triad is a chronic medical condition with three principal characteristics – asthma, sinusitis with recurring nasal polyps and aspirin sensitivity. Without an adequate Samter’s Triad treatment, individuals frequently experience severe and recurrent symptoms that reduce their overall quality of life. The condition – also known as aspirin exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) or ASA Triad – can be challenging to manage, requiring the guidance of an Atlanta doctor who is also a specialist. Here is a closer look at the best treatments for AERD.
What Are the Best Treatments for Samter’s Triad?
As individuals with Samter’s Triad experience asthma, sinusitis, nasal polyps, congestion, respiratory issues and many other symptoms, no single treatment is the solution for every patient. A person dealing with Samter’s Triad will require a diagnosis and personalized treatment plan to prevent recurring AERD symptoms.
1. Diagnosing Samter’s Triad
To diagnose AERD, allergists use a person’s medical history and an aspirin challenge test. A history of asthma and nasal congestion with nasal polyps often indicates an individual has the condition. Unfortunately, many doctors treat these conditions separately, and a patient may not seek an allergist consultation until symptoms worsen.
The aspirin challenge test is performed at an allergist’s office using a small dose of the drug. If a minimal dose of aspirin causes minor symptoms, your allergist will confirm the diagnosis. For patients with a history of aspirin sensitivity this test might not be required.
2. Aspirin Desensitization
Many people with Samter’s Triad may not know what aspirin desensitization is, but it is widely regarded as the leading AERD treatment. In fact, a study published by the National Library of Medicine found that 87% of participants who completed at least one year of aspirin desensitization experienced improvements in their symptoms, and could reduce their medication. The desensitization benefits also apply to NSAIDS like ibuprofen.
During the desensitization process, patients take small doses of aspirin under allergist supervision. By increasing the dosage gradually over time, patients build a tolerance to aspirin that can benefit asthma symptoms, limit the growth of nasal polyps and reduce dependence on oral steroids. In addition, this process is crucial for people who require aspirin to help prevent heart attacks or strokes.
Medication also plays a vital role in the treatment of Samter’s Triad. Inhalers help people with asthma breathe easier, while nasal sprays reduce sinus infection symptoms and prevent congestion. Steroid sprays, drops or injections treat nasal polyps, though surgery could be required.
Ultimately, Samter’s Triad requires an integrated series of ENT treatments to manage the various aspects of this condition. However, with the help of an experienced allergist/immunologist, it is possible to alleviate many common symptoms and improve your overall health.
Professional Samter’s Triad Treatments in the Atlanta Area
Chacko Allergy, Asthma and Sinus Center is a trusted provider of Samter’s Triad treatments. When you need help with asthma-related issues, chronic sinusitis and allergies, visit one of our locations in Alpharetta, Atlanta, Canton, Cumming, Duluth or Johns Creek. Call (678) 668-4688 or request an appointment today.