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What Are Nasal Polyps & How Can They Be Treated?
Nasal polyps are noncancerous growths of tissue in the nasal passages or sinuses. Though they are often not painful they certainly can be, and if left untreated can lead to uncomfortable side-effects. Nasal polyps can vary in size and number, and affect more men than women. A relatively small polyp might be hard to detect, while a large cluster of polyps is more likely to bring discomfort, and the search for the cause. Nasal polyps can be diagnosed accurately by Dr. Chacko in Atlanta or at one of our other Georgia-area sinus center locations.
Symptoms of Nasal Polyps
Depending on the size of the nasal polyps the symptoms will vary. If left untreated polyps will grow and as the condition progresses, symptoms will get worse.
- Cold-like symptoms – Blocked or runny nose
- Post-nasal drip – Sensation of needing to swallow
- Impaired senses – A reduced sense of taste and smell
- Snoring – Caused by airway blockages
- Sinusitis – Due to sinus infections
Treatment Options for Nasal Polyps
Dr. Chacko can diagnose nasal polyps by examining the inside of your nose. The diagnosis is a quick and painless procedure, and an appropriate treatment plan can then be discussed. A few options include the following.
Medication is the first stage of treatment and is intended to reduce polyp size. A corticosteroid nasal spray is a common solution, and may shrink or even remove a polyp. For larger polyps or when the nasal spray proves to be ineffective, a steroid injection is another option.
More serious cases may require endoscopic surgery. Special instruments are used to access the sinuses without the need for an incision, and the polyps can then be removed with precision. If you suffer from recurring sinus issues, your doctor may also correct any blockages between the nasal passages and sinuses. Subsequent use of a corticosteroid nasal spray can prevent nasal polyps from returning.
Common Questions About Nasal Polyps
What causes nasal polyps?
The exact cause is currently unknown. Asthma sufferers are prone to nasal polyps, and there is some evidence that the condition is an immune response that runs in families.
Will nasal polyps clear up on their own?
Unfortunately, nasal polyps are unlikely to clear up without medical attention. Smaller polyps might not be noticeable, but if they grow they can cause many of the common symptoms.
How can I stop nasal polyps from returning?
After medication or surgery has removed your polyps, it is important to take preventive steps. Your doctor may prescribe antihistamines to control nasal allergies that cause sinus inflammation.
Start Treating Your Nasal Polyps
Are you concerned about nasal polyps? You no longer need to put off treating nasal polyps – an appointment with Dr. Chacko at the Chacko Allergy, Asthma and Sinus Center can offer proper diagnosis, a treatment plan – and relief. Call for an appointment in Alpharetta, Atlanta, Canton, Cumming, Duluth or Johns Creek at 678-668-4688.