Hay fever is a source of discomfort for people of all ages across Atlanta. However, it is possible to minimize the impact of a pollen allergy with effective allergy treatment. In developing a treatment plan, one of the first steps an allergist takes is to determine the precise allergy trigger or triggers. And this process begins with an understanding of the different types of pollen allergies.
What Are the 3 Main Types of Pollen Allergies?
Hundreds of different species of plants release pollen throughout the year. This pollen is released to fertilize other plants and is commonly transported by air. Unfortunately, as these powdery pollen grains are spread far and wide, they come into contact with the eyes, nose, mouth and throat of allergy sufferers. Among these countless pollinating plants, there are three general types of pollen.
1. Grass Pollen
Grass pollen is the most common cause of hay fever and typically lasts from late spring and throughout summer. In reality though, various factors could see grass pollen being present from as early as March on through to October. Common signs of grass pollen allergies include a runny nose, watery eyes, itchy nose and other similar symptoms. However, being certain about the cause of your allergies requires an allergist to perform testing to know if you have a grass pollen allergy. Some grass types to be aware of in Atlanta and across Georgia are Bermuda, timothy, orchard and sweet vernal.
2. Tree Pollen
While less common than grass pollen allergies, tree pollen appears earliest in the year. People with hay fever often start to experience symptoms during the spring – symptoms that may continue throughout summer. Peak periods usually fall from March to May when oak, maple, birch and elm tree pollen is prominent. When you have an exact diagnosis of your allergy, you can begin to see how the different types of tree pollen will impact your allergies, and then take precautions to limit tree pollen exposure.
3. Weed Pollen
Weed pollen allergies are most common in the latter part of summer and into fall, with September and October often being difficult months for weed pollen allergy sufferers. Ragweed is the most dominant allergen, though sagebrush, pigweed and others can cause problems. In practice, weed allergies are less common than grass and tree pollen allergies. However, pollen from weeds travels long distances, making it a persistent issue for anyone experiencing allergic reactions. As with other pollen allergies, immunotherapy treatment can offer relief. The studies conducted to assess the clinical efficacy of Ragweed treatment have found that the desensitization process does reduce allergy symptoms.
Start Treating the Different Types of Pollen Allergy
Do you experience allergy symptoms during the spring and summer months? Hay fever or pollen allergy is a common condition that affects children and adults of all ages. For help treating your allergy, visit one of our locations in Alpharetta, Atlanta, Canton, Cumming, Duluth and Johns Creek. For assistance, call (678) 668-4688 or request an appointment today.